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Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease similarities differences

post in: Beauty Date:22 Nov 2017, 04:30 views:2293

Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease similarities differences

Bronchiectasis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (copd synonyms for the same condition? American Thoracic Society defines, cOPD as a group of lung conditions that make it difficult to empty the air out of the lungs. While bronchiectasis, which is characterized by permanent enlargement of bronchi and bronchioles, may lead to obstructed breathing from abnormal mucus production like copd, evaluation and treatment for both diseases differ.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and bronchiectasis are different but related diseases that occur separately, but can coexist, wrote Drs.

Novosad and Alan. Barker, both of Oregon Health and Science University,. Chronic asthma Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Bronchiectasis, published in, current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine.

Yet, the chances of concurrent copd and bronchiectasis are slim: while copd is the third leading cause of American death, bronchiectasis can be considered an orphan disease that affects approximately 110,000 Americans. However, in one study published in, egyptian Journal of Chest Disease and Tuberculosis, Bronchiectasis in copd Patients,47.8 (33 of 69) of enrolled participants had both bronchiectasis and copd. The researchers behind the study identified that severe functional impairment, defined as a forced shot expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) of less than 50, correlated to developing bronchiectasis, just as greater bacterial colonization and exacerbation rate did, as well.

An X-ray of Bronchiectasis, it can be easy to mistake one disease for the other. Both diseases have symptoms of dyspnea (shortness of breath chronic cough, potential for daily sputum production, and airflow obstruction. Methods for determining the reason for these symptoms begin with patient history and clinical examination.

Patients with copd commonly have chronic sputum production associated with coughing, yet bronchiectasis patients may have either a dry or wet cough. As more quantitative measures, lung function and imaging tests are also useful in diagnosing the diseases. Copd is confirmed by a post-bronchodilator FEV1 less than 80 with an FEV1/forced vital capacity (FVC) less than.

Bronchiectasis can initially mimic these copd features, but as bronchiectasis progresses, progressive lung damage can lead to mixed lung function results.

 

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