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post in: Health, Video Date:11 Oct 2017, 16:56 views:4932
Return center to Previous Page, children with severe therapy-resistant asthma (stra) may have poorer lung function and worse symptoms compared to children with moderate asthma due to lower levels of vitamin D in their blood, according to researchers in London. Lower levels of vitamin D may cause structural changes in the airway muscles of children with stra, making breathing more difficult.
The study provides important new evidence for possible treatments for the condition.
The findings were published online ahead of the print edition of the American Thoracic Societys. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
This study clearly demonstrates that low levels of vitamin D are associated with poorer lung function, increased use of medication, worse symptoms and an increase in the mass of airway smooth muscle in children with stra, said Atul Gupta, mrcpch,.D., a researcher from Royal.
It is therefore plausible that the link between airway smooth muscle mass and lung function in severe asthma may be partly explained by low levels of vitamin. This is the first study to evaluate the relationship between vitamin D and the pathophysiology of children with severe therapy-resistant asthma.
While most children with asthma can be successfully treated with low doses of corticosteroids, about 5 to 10 percent of asthmatic children do not respond to standard treatment. These children have severe therapy-resistant asthma, or stra, experience more asthma episodes and asthma-related illnesses, and require more healthcare services, than their treatment-receptive peers.
Although previous studies of children with asthma have linked increases in airway smooth muscle mass with poorer lung function and in vitro studies have established a connection between levels of vitamin D and the proliferation of airway smooth muscle, this is the first study. Little is known about vitamin D status and its effect on asthma pathophysiology in these patients,. For our study, we hypothesized that children with stra would have lower levels of vitamin D than moderate asthmatics, and that lower levels of vitamin D would be associated with worse lung function and changes in the airway muscle tissue.
The researchers enrolled 86 children in the study, including 36 children with stra, 26 with moderate asthma and 24 non-asthmatic controls, and measured the relationships between vitamin D levels and lung function, medication usage and symptom exacerbations.
The researchers also examined tissue samples from the airways of the stra group to evaluate structural changes in the airways smooth muscle. At the conclusion of the study the researchers found children with stra had significantly lower levels of vitamin D, as well as greater numbers of exacerbations, increased use of asthma medications and poorer lung function compared to children with moderate asthma and non-asthmatic children.