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Health teaching plan for bronchial asthma

post in: Lifestyle Date:08 Oct 2017, 06:39 views:517

Health teaching plan for bronchial asthma

Asthma is one of the most common illnesses that complicate pregnancy.

Asthma may occur for the first time during pregnancy, or it may change during pregnancy; in about one-third of pregnant women binaca asthma asthma symptoms will worsen during pregnancy, one-third will remain the same, and one-third will improve.

In any case, pregnant women with asthma need treatment to control their asthma and thus protect their health and the health of their fetus. Uncontrolled asthma during pregnancy can produce serious maternal and fetal complications.

When asthma is properly controlled, however, pregnant women with asthma can maintain a normal pregnancy with little or no increased risk to themselves or their fetuses. Maternal complications include preeclampsia, gestational hypertension, hyperemesis gravidarum, vaginal hemorrhage, toxemia, and induced and complicated labors.

Fetal complications include increased risk of perinatal mortality, intrauterine growth retardation, preterm birth, low birth weight, and neonatal hypoxia. The goals of therapy for pregnant women with asthma are to control symptoms, including nocturnal symptoms; maintain normal or near-normal pulmonary function; receptors maintain normal activity levels, including exercise; prevent acute exacerbations of asthma; avoid any adverse effects from asthma medications; and deliver a healthy infant. Underestimation of asthma severity and undertreatment of exacerbations are two common errors that may lead to adverse maternal and fetal outcomes.

Asthma care should be integrated with obstetric care. Effective management of asthma includes ongoing management to prevent asthma exacerbations and control chronic symptoms, and early intervention to relieve acute exacerbations. Learn when to refer patients to an asthma specialist.

There are four integral components of effective asthma management. Use objective measures for assessment and monitoring.

Maternal lung function: Pulmonary Function Testing, using an office spirometer in the initial assessment of all pregnant patients being evaluated for asthma, and periodically thereafter as appropriate, is recommended.

 

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