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While childhood asthma is most common, women are more likely than men to get adult-onset asthma. In fact, only 50 of women with asthma are diagnosed by age 24 compared with 50 of boys who are diagnosed before they're 15, says. What's the difference between allergies and asthma?
While both conditions can make it tough to breathe, allergies are when your immune system overreacts to typically harmless things, such as pollen or dust mites or cat dander. "Most of the time asthma attacks are triggered by allergies, but there are some people who have asthma without allergies says William Calhoun, MD, asthma expert and professor in the department of internal medicine at the University of Texas Medical Branch. What is the treatment for asthma?
"There's no one-size-fits-all treatment because triggers and severity vary from care person to person says James. Sublett, MD, chair of the Indoor Environments Committee for the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (acaai). For a diagnosis and treatment plan, you should see an allergist or pulmonologist (lung specialist).
One part of treating asthma calls for pinpointing your particular triggers and avoiding them. It's best to have an allergist do skin testing to identify exactly what your allergic sensitivities are so that you can make lifestyle changes to help manage your symptoms. There's also research showing that adding certain nutrients to your diet, such as disease-fighting antioxidants found in produce or vitamin D, may offer some protection for your lungs against the inflammation that aggravates asthma symptoms, says.
Your doctor will usually prescribe two types of meds to help keep symptoms under control. The first are called bronchodilators, or relievers, that act fast to relax the muscles around your airways when you're having an attack so that you can breathe more easily.
The second are anti-inflammatories, or controllers, that need to be taken regularly in order to reduce swelling and mucus in the lungs' lining to help prevent attacks from happening in the first gebreak. Can you get asthma as an adult?
Yes, you can get asthma at any ageand women in particular can develop it in midlife.
Experts aren't sure why you might start wheezing and coughing in your 40s when you didn't have any symptoms as a kid. "Most likely, you had a genetic predisposition to asthma but didn't know it and were later exposed to something that triggered it, such as a smoky environment or possibly a respiratory infection says.